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Clavamox Drops, distributed by Zoetis Co., are a combined antibiotic containing both amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. This broad spectrum antibiotic is used on the epidermal surface of both cats and dogs, available in both liquid and tablet forms.
WHAT THIS PRODUCT CURES
Clavamox drops are used to cure skin and soft tissue infections such as wounds, abscesses, cellulitis, superficial/juvenile, and deep Pyoderma. Specifically susceptible to strains of bacterial organisms such as; β-lactamase-producing Staphylococcus aureus, non-β-lactamase-producing Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus spp.,Streptococcus spp., and E. coli. The unique formation of Clavamox drops also is used to treat some cases of periodontal disease.
The skin is considered an organ as it is the largest one of the body. The skin is composed of three layers; the superficial fascia, the dermis, and the epidermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer which contains pores and hair to protect the body. The dermis in the second layer, this layer contains connective tissues, the hair shaft, sweat glands, blood vessels, and sensory nerves endings. The third layer is the superficial fascia; made up of adipose tissues this layer contains arteries and the beginning of nerves. An infection of the skin that is left untreated can infect the skin deep into these layers, resulting into necrotic tissue.
A Pyoderma is a localized infection of the skin characterized by an abscess or puss-filled lesion. Pets easily become infected with the Pyoderma condition through open wounds on the skin. The infection is localized caused by bacteria entering the wound and thriving. The condition can affect the superficial layers of the skin or become deep within the tissues. A feline or canine affected with a Pyoderma will display numerous symptoms such as alopecia, itching, a skin crusting formation, pustules, discharge from the infection, and noted lesions on the skin.
Periodontal disease is a progressive cycle of inflammatory disease of the supporting structures of the teeth. The structures affected by this disease include the gingival, cementum, alveolar bone, and the periodontal ligament. In the early stages of periodontal disease, calcified plaque attaches to the teeth attracting bacteria, the bacteria then eat at the calcified deposits, infecting the tooth.
Bacterial infections are difficult to prevent and the key to a healthy pet is early detection. Skin and soft tissue infections such as wounds, abscesses, cellulitis, superficial/juvenile, and deep Pyoderma display aliments such as discharge from affected area, fever, inflammation and symptoms specific to the area of infection.
PETS WITH ALIMENTS:
RELATIVE INFO ON BREED MOST ASSOCIATED WITH THIS AILMENT
Bacterial infections of the skin are most commonly seen in dog breeds such as the bulldog, boxer, and English bulldog. These breeds of dogs are known for their wrinkled skin. Respiratory infections are non-breed specific but are more common in kenneled dogs or those housed in shelters. Urinary infections are commonly seen in Dalmatians, a dog breed identified by its black spotted coat. Urinary infections can be found in a variety of other dogs as well.
QUESTIONS FOR MY VET:
1. What adverse effects from the product should I be aware of?
Side effects which could be noted by a pet owner while taking Clavamox include; diarrhea, vomiting, allergy, appetite decrease, stomach upset.
2. What steps should I take if my pet has adverse effects from product?
Discontinue use and seek the care of a veterinary professional promptly.
3. Can this product cause an allergic reaction in my pet?
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to the drug include; hives, excessive drinking, and irregular breathing patterns. Other possible side effects include; cataracts, seizures, convulsions, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting and decreased appetite.
4. Can I administer this product with my pet’s food?
a. Foods, especially those containing dairy, reduces absorbency rate of this product hence reducing affectivity. Antibiotics can be given with food if pet develops sensitivity to the product.
5. What sort of medical tests will need to be taken before administering Clavamox?
a. A sensitivity test. A sensitivity test requires a small swab from the affected area to be culturized. This grown colony of bacteria will then be tested against different forms of antibiotics to determine which medication to prescribe. This test is essential in eliminating wasted time and money of medications that are ineffective.
6. I am allergic to most forms of antibiotics, is it safe for me to handle my pet’s medication?
a.Yes. Handlers which are allergic to antibiotics are advised to wear safety materials such as gloves while administering the product. Avoid contact with eyes and mouth. After administration wash hands and forearms thoroughly with soap and water.
FDA restricts this product from being used by anyone other than a licensed veterinarian.
The product must not be accessible to children.
This product is meant to be used only for dogs and cats.
This product has not been tested for use in pregnant or lactating females.
Read the entire content of the label before each use.
Products handled improperly can become hazardous to both humans and animals. Read label instructions carefully and follow accordingly.
Animals: Dogs and cats with previous allergies to any antibiotic classified within the B-lactam family of drugs may develop an allergic reaction to Cephalexin. Reduce chances of allergic reactions by discussing all patient history before use. Not labeled for use in cats.
Humans: Not intended for human use. Individuals handling this product with known allergies to the B-lactam family of antibiotics should wear protective clothing. Avoid contact with skin, eyes, and mucus membranes while handling this product. In case of accidental ingestion contact a Poison Control Center or physician immediately.
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL HAZARDS:
If Swallowed: Immediately contact a poison control center to be instructed of the situation. Offer water to affected person if said person is in a state of consciousness. Do not encourage the individual to vomit unless instructed by a medical physician.
If in eyes: If product residue affects the eyes, keep the affected eye open while flushing said eye with water. If individual wears contact lenses, remove the contact and continue flushing eye for five minutes. Continue to cleanse the eye for 20 minutes and contact a medical physician if irritation occurs.
If on skin or clothing: Remove the contaminated clothing immediately and begin washing the skin for 20 minutes. Continue to cleanse the skin with soap and water as you seek advice from a medical professional.
Storage & Disposal
Storage: Drops should be kept refrigerated. Do not store medication among food or drink. The contents should not be transferred to other containers.
Disposal: Dispose un-used or empty containers as directed on the label. Never re-use containers and always recycle or dispose. If you have any questions, contact your local medical waste agency for directions or contact 1-800-CLEANUP for additional information.
BRAND VS GENERIC COMPARISON
Brand name of Clavamox is Clavamox. There is no available generic equivalent to the name brand.
How it Works
Clavamox is a unique formulated drug as this is a combination drug of both Clavulanic acids and Amoxicillin. Clavamox works in two ways; Amoxicillin works to destroy the cell wall of the bacteria cell. Second, the clavulanic acid fights off the remaining bacteria cells which Amoxicillin has missed. Like all organisms bacteria contain cells and cell walls, containing nuclei. Antibiotics work against the formation of the cell wall, causing damage to the nucleolus which is the powerhouse of the cell. Amoxicillin works against bacteria by breaking down the lipid structure of the cell wall, therefore preventing the organisms from dividing and reproducing.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
The Federal Drug Administration prohibits this product from being used in any other way than directed upon the label. If you do not understand the directed label entirely, ask your veterinarian or pharmacist to further explain directions.
Add 14 mL of water to the 15-mL bottle and shake vigorously.
*Note: Any unused portion of the reconstituted suspension must be discarded after 10 days. Refrigeration of the reconstituted suspension is required.
Dogs and Cats:
Skin and soft tissue infections should be treated for 5-7 days or for 48 hours after all symptoms have subsided.
Deep Pyoderma may require treatment for 21 days; the maximum duration of treatment should not exceed 30 days.
Skin and soft tissue infections should be treated for 5-7 days or 48 hours after all symptoms have subsided, not to exceed 30 days.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION:
6.25 mg/lb (1 mL/10 lb) body weight, twice a day.
62.5 mg (1 mL) twice a day.