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Capstar is a monthly, over-the-counter flea treatment for cats and dogs. Over 90% of adult fleas are killed by the fourth hour in dogs and by the sixth hour in cats after the product is given. The tablets are available in packages for felines and canines 2 to 25 lbs. and 25.1 to 125 lbs.
What the product cures
Capstar eliminates adult fleas in canines and felines older than 4 weeks of age and more than 2 lbs.
Capstar helps control flea infestation in pets, thus minimizing the risks of diseases transmitted by the parasites. However, it only kills adult fleas and doesn’t get rid of fleas in the environment. For this reason, treatment is recommended in combination with a monthly flea preventative such as Program. Getting rid of a flea infestation is not only important because it is a nuisance, but also because there are other health problems that can develop as a consequence.
One of the conditions that is often seen as a result of an infestation is flea allergy dermatitis. It occurs when the flea bites the pet and there is an allergic response to the flea’s saliva. Even with just one bite from a flea, this hypersensitivity can cause skin problems, especially on the lower back, thigh, abdomen, and underarm region. Some of the symptoms that indicate a possible flea allergy in your pet include; itchiness, irritation, skin inflammation, excessive licking or biting, skin lesions, skin abscess, and loss of hair.
The struggle most people face when fighting a flea infestation in their pet and at home is because of the flea’s short life cycle. Female fleas can lay thousands of eggs in their life, which then hatch and become adults in a little less than a month. These adult female fleas feed from cat or dog blood and then lay eggs on the pet. The eggs fall and are spread in the environment where larvae will then develop. Finally, the larva forms a cocoon and waits to be reintroduced to the world as a flea.
A flea infestation is associated with several health conditions including; tapeworms, dermatitis, flea allergy, anemia, Lyme disease, and skin infection.
Pets with Ailments
Relative info on breed most associated with this ailment
All dog and cat breeds are equally susceptible to fleas.
Questions for the vet & product
1. What side effects can Capstar cause?
Capstar side effects in dogs include; lethargy, vomiting, itchiness, reduced appetite, loose bowel movements, hyperactivity, trouble with balance, tremors, and convulsions. Capstar side effects in cats include; lethargy, itchiness, vomiting, high body temperature, vocalization, lowered appetite, anxiety, loose stools, trouble breathing, excess saliva production, seizures, dilated pupils, rapid heart rate, and shaking. Symptoms of an allergic reaction in cats and dogs to look out for include; swollen face, respiratory problems, hives, shock, and collapse.
2. What should I do in case of an overdose?
Take your pet to the nearest animal clinic for emergency treatment.
3. Are there contraindications I should know about?
There are no contraindications listed with the use of Capstar. However, you can ask your vet if you’re unsure about giving the medication with other products.
Capstar only kills fleas on the pet that is being treated. Home and environmental treatment for fleas is recommended.
Do NOT give to cats and dogs less than 2 lbs. or less than 4 weeks of age.
Capstar can be safely given in pregnant or lactating pets.
Increased itchiness may occur as the medication takes effect and the fleas start dying. This is temporary and will resolve after the fleas have died.
Hyperactivity, excessive licking/chewing, vocalization, and panting may occur in cats.
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL HAZARDS:
Store safely where children and pets cannot reach.
For use in animals only.
If inhaled: Place person in well-ventilated area. Give mouth to mouth resuscitation if needed and seek emergency medical help.
If on skin: Use water and soap to wash area thoroughly. Consult with a doctor if skin problems develop.
If in eyes: Flush eyes with clean water for a minimum of 15 minutes. Talk to a doctor for further help.
If swallowed: Do NOT give food or water by mouth if the person is unconscious. Clean mouth with water and get medical attention.
Storage & Disposal
Storage: Keep at room temperature not exceeding 25 degrees Celsius.
Disposal: Follow local, state, and federal rules regarding disposal of medical waste.
Brand vs. generic comparison: There is no generic version of Capstar available.
How it Works
Capstar’s formula works by interfering with the flea’s nervous system. The effects take place half an hour after the medication is given and lasts for 24 hours.
Directions for use
Capstar can be given with a meal or directly by mouth if the dog/cat will take it, or with a piller. Another dose can be safely given if you’re not sure whether your pet ingested the tablet.
Dosage and administration: One tablet from either the 2 to 25 lb. package or 25.1 to 125 lb. package should be given according to your pet’s weight. If your pet is more than 125 lbs., the tablets may be combined in order to get an appropriate dose. Medication can be given on a daily basis if needed
There is 11.4mg or 57mg of nitenpyram in Capstar, depending on the strength.
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